LEVEL OF CONCERN: HIGH
Central Valley (CV) late fall-run Chinook salmon are vulnerable to extinction in the next 50-100 years. They have been eliminated from the majority of their native spawning habitat and for the most part are now dependent upon cold water releases from reservoirs and gravel augmentation to maintain suitable habitat.
In the past 10 years, numbers of Central Valley late fall-run Chinook salmon have remained low but appear stable. Evidence of hybridization with, and misidentification as, fall-run Chinook salmon have complicated efforts to accurately assess the status of this unique run.
Scroll down for more information about the CV late fall-run Chinook salmon. To read the full species account, click here.
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Fish photo, Jim Inman. Water photo,Wyatt Horsley. People photo, Jacob Katz.